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Psychopathy • Schemas • Nature vs Nurture • Childhood • Attachments • Paraphilias • Personality Disorders • Anger • Aggression
According to the American Psychiatric Association's
Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition (1994),
"The essential features of a Paraphilia are recurrent, intense sexually arousing
fantasies, sexual urges, or behaviors involving 1) nonhuman objects, 2) the
suffering or humiliation of oneself or one's partner, or 3) children or other
nonconsenting persons, that occur over a period of at least 6 months…" (pp.
Below is a brief description of the paraphilias listed in DSM-IV (1994).
Exhibitionism: "…the exposure of one's genitals to a stranger". (p. 525)
Fetishism: "…the use of nonliving objects." (p. 526)
Frotteurism: "…touching and rubbing against a nonconsenting person." (p. 527)
Pedophilia: "…sexual activity with a prepubescent child (generally age 13 years
or younger)." (p. 527)
Sexual Masochism: "…the act (real, not simulated) of being humiliated, beaten,
bound, or otherwise
made to suffer". (p. 529)
Sexual Sadism: "…acts (real, not simulated) in which the individual derives
sexual excitation from the
psychological or physical suffering (including
humiliation) of the victim." (p. 530)
Transvestic Fetishism: "…cross-dressing." (p.530)
Voyeurism: "…the act of observing unsuspecting individuals, usually strangers,
who are naked, in the
process of disrobing, or engaging in sexual activity." (p. 532)
Paraphilias Not Otherwise Specified (NOS) are those that do not meet the
criteria for any of the above categories and include (but are not limited to):
Telephone Scatologia: Obscene phone calls.
Partialism: Focus on a part of the body.
American Psychiatric Association.
(1994). Diagnostic and statistical manual of
mental disorders, (4th ed.). Washington, DC: Author.